France is situated in Western Europe and is bordered by six countries – Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, and Spain. Its capital is Paris, and it also has many overseas territories, such as Martinique, Reunion, and French Guiana. France has a diverse geography with various climates, from temperate in the north to Mediterranean in the south. It is one of the largest countries in Europe and has diverse topography, ranging from the snow-capped Alps in the east to the Loire Valley in the center and the Pyrenees Mountains in the south. Let’s take a look at some more interesting facts about the geography of France.


France is located in western Europe, bordered by Spain, Andorra, Germany, Luxembourg, Belgium, and Italy. It also has a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean to the northwest and the Mediterranean Sea to the southeast. Many waterways throughout France, including the River Seine, pass through Paris and flow into the English Channel at Le Havre.

The country’s landscape is diverse, with mountain ranges in the east and south and forests, pastures, and meadows in different areas. The climate of France varies greatly depending on geographic location, from a maritime temperate climate along its coasts to warm temperate climates near its interior regions. The capital city of Paris is located in northern France on an island known as Île de la Cité in the River Seine.


France is characterized by a temperate climate but can vary depending on the region. The western coast of France, including areas such as Brittany and Normandy, experiences moderate temperatures with plenty of rain and a strong maritime influence. As a result, this region is often called the ‘oceanic’ climate. At the same time, the French Riviera (the southeastern coast) has a Mediterranean climate with plenty of sunshine and milder temperatures year-round.

Inland regions such as Paris experience hot summers and cold winters with average temperatures ranging from about 12°C (54°F) in January to 27°C (81°F) in July. The south of France sees higher evaporation rates, leading to lower humidities than elsewhere in Europe, making it an attractive holiday destination for many generations.

Further inland, one moves away from the oceanic influences and towards continental European climates with more variation between summer and winter temperatures. The average temperature ranges for Paris are 6°C (43°F) in December/January to 21��C (70�F


France borders Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, and Andorra. The entire country of France also shares maritime borders with the United Kingdom. France has numerous types of landforms and captivating landscapes within its boundaries. In the south lies Massif Central, a large mountain range composed mainly of ancient rocks and granite peaks. This range separates central from southern France and is home to many nature reserves and national parks. The Pyrenees mountain range stretches from the Mediterranean Sea along the border with Spain in a Northeasterly direction for over 400 miles.

In north-central heights are found in the Ardennes region of Brabant Massif and Flanders Massif, along with spurs dropping down into Brussels. In Northern France, some lowlands extend to the Duclair-Quillebeuf marshes. At the same time, Platforms (iies) stand around London at shallower heights along most of the Channel’s northern coast, which creates flat meadows for grazing animals. Between these two lowland areas are steep rolling hills that gradually ascend in elevation until one reaches Brittany on France’s northwest coast, which has plateaus rising to 500 meters high in some regions. There is also an extensive coastline around France that features breathtaking coastal cliffs, such as those located near Étretat on Normandy’s Côte Fleurie or those at Finistère on Brittany’s Point du Raz Cape further west.


France has been home to some of the most influential figures in history, from writers and painters to scientists and philosophers. It has also played a major role in some of the most important events in world history. From the Middle Ages to the French Revolution and World War II, France has been a major player in the development of European history. So let’s take a look back at some of the interesting facts about France’s history.

Prehistoric Times

Prehistoric times in France can be traced back to the Middle Paleolithic period, which began about 300,000 years ago. During this time, Neanderthals and other hominins, such as Homo Heidelbergensis, shared the land with various animals, including large herbivores like mammoths and woolly rhinoceroses.

The first evidence of humans inhabiting France dates back 30,000 years ago with their presence in the famous Lascaux caves – now recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. At this time, Cro-Magnon men migrated through France during their hunt for food and resources. Archaeological excavations revealed that these early settlers used stone and bone tools decorated with horns and feathers to fashion dolls out of clay while they ventured through southern France.

Around 6500 BC., Les Magdaleniens arrived in regions from what is now Spain to northern Germany, bringing with them a new methodology for creating tools and weapons from flint, which replaced needles made from bones or stone flakes used by earlier communities inhabiting the region. Later, tribes like Les Bellbouleurs became increasingly sedentary by constructing permanent stone huts near rivers or lakes for hunting purposes and establishing rudimentary trading routes throughout Europe. However, these hunter-gatherers enjoyed an advanced lifestyle during the Neolithic period, which was marked by increased levels of artistry and craftsmanship that have been seen inscribed in artifacts found across prehistoric sites located throughout modern-day France such as Carnac stones – ancient megaliths dating back to around 3500 BC., indicating a rise in the sophisticated culture at the time.

Ancient Times

France has an incredibly rich history that dates back to ancient times. With settlements in Gaul as far back as the sixth century B.C., Gauls, Romans, and Franks have contributed to the country’s development. The Franks would go on to unify what is now France in the fourth century A.D., ruling until 888 when Charles III proclaimed himself king and built his prestigious kingdom on loyalty and merit.

The Renaissance period saw a great flourishing in architecture, art, literature, and industry until the French Revolution in 1789, which saw an end of monarchical rule. Since then, France has continued to be a strong bastion of democracy in Europe, and its government has reformed numerous times over the centuries.

The modern age saw France explore colonial territories for trade opportunities and expand its empire throughout many regions worldwide, including Africa, Oceania, South America, and even China. It was also deeply involved in World Wars and participated in several other international conflicts, such as those relating to Indochina. Today, it is one of Europe’s leading economic and political countries.

Modern Times

France has been at the forefront of European politics for centuries, and modern French society continues to shape the culture of continental Europe. Since emerging from the devastation of World War II, France has become a major economic power on the world stage. It is firmly established as one of the leaders of the European Union. During this time, France saw dramatic economic growth, urbanization, and technological progress, benefiting from its membership in two key international bodies – NATO and the U.N.

The French Republic, now famously led by President Emmanuel Macron, maintains strong ties with many foreign nations and remains an important member of NATO and other international institutions. Over recent decades French culture has been resurgent with a host of world-renowned artists such as Edith Piaf, Claude Monet, and Yves Saint Laurent displaying their work across Europe. In addition, the French language continues to be spoken all around the globe, with millions of students learning both formal and informal versions each year.

Today life in France stands at a unique point between traditional customs that have stood for centuries alongside progressive experimental approaches that are changing global popular culture significantly. With so many stories about Parisian lifestyles in films such as Amelie or Babylon A.D., many people outside France have come to associate certain elements – such as fashion style or cutting-edge architecture – with what it means to be ‘modern French. But this oversimplification overlooks much more complex cultural issues that stem from more than two thousand years of history stretching beyond even the Roman era.


France is known for its long and vibrant history, culture, and traditions. French culture has influenced art, fashion, cuisine, and language. In this section, we’ll take a look at some interesting facts about the culture of France. From the food they eat to the famous landmarks and literature, exploring the different aspects of French culture can be a fascinating experience.


France is home to one of the most widely spoken languages in the world. French is the official language spoken by over 110 million people across five continents, including nations in North and West Africa, North America, and Southeast Asia. In addition, French has been influential to many other major world languages, such as Spanish, Italian and Portuguese, which are all derived from Latin – a language believed to have originated in France.

French culture is also known for its excellence in literature, with writers such as Victor Hugo and Albert Camus renowned worldwide. France has also produced famous singers, philosophers, and artists—such as Édith Piaf or George Sand— who were responsible for inspiring and creating new approaches to their crafts. In addition, numerous film festivals occur throughout France, celebrating traditional French and international filmmaking.

France’s culture also includes several regional dialects that differ slightly depending on where they’re spoken. These dialects incorporate different pronunciations of words related to food, sports, and various holidays associated with particular regions in France. From Corsica to Marseille and Toulouse, numerous regional dialects can be heard throughout the country.


France is widely regarded as the culinary center of the world, and its population loves to eat. French cuisine combines classic techniques and flavors from many different regions. Each region will have different dishes, including fresh ingredients, complex sauces, and rich flavors. Some of the most famous dishes include Boeuf Bourguignon, Cassoulet, and French Onion Soup. Desserts often include rich favorites like crème brûlée or profiteroles with chocolate sauce.

In France, food is a huge part of the culture — it’s not uncommon for eating to go on for hours at a time! Eating out is very popular in France, with nearly any cuisine available. Eating at home with friends and family remains just as popular, with people gathering around their table to break bread together.

When it comes to snacking between meals or spending time with friends over coffee or drinks, pastries are a staple item on menus across Parisian cafes — try Macarons for something sweet and unique! Dix-huit heures (6 pm) marks the start of l’Apéro–pre-dinner drinks typically involving cheese; charcuterie; tartes salées (salty tarts); pickled vegetables; rillettes; pâtés; and olives. Pernod Ricard Absinthe is the quintessential l’apéristif (aperitif) beverage—the spirit responsible for inspiring many famous artists, including van Gogh!


France has an incredibly diverse and unique music culture that includes traditional folk music, artist-songwriter masterpieces, popular music of the modern era, and even electronic beats. From the chanson of 22-stringed lute player Edith Piaf to the hip-hop artists of Paris, French music can be honored on international stages.

The traditional folk music of France reflects its Mediterranean roots, drawing from Occitan and Celtic influences to create a one-of-a-kind musical genre. And with its long period of time in classical composition, only France can provide such a great range in styles from that period to today – classical compositions for the violin, brass ensembles, Baroque orchestras, and opera singers give France an everlasting place in mainstream culture. While Franco-Belgian comic songs date back to World War II until today, when rap has quickly become very popular among French youth – it’s impossible not to see how much evolution and history are alive within French cultural musical heritage.


France has a population of 66 million people. It is the 21st most populous country in the world. The French are a diverse mix of Europeans and North Africans, with most Celtic and Latin origin populations. French is the official language of the country, but there are several regional dialects and minority languages spoken as well. In addition, the people of France are known for their culinary sophistication, fashion sense, and love of the arts.


The demographics of France provide a complex set of data regarding the country’s population. According to the latest data from the July 2019 estimate, France has a population of 65,150,974. In addition, 23 overseas departments and territories are part of France but are not included in these figures.

The most densely populated part of France is located along the northern coast—particularly in the Ile-de-France region surrounding Paris—and in big cities like Bordeaux and Lyon. The south and rural areas tend to be less densely populated.

The gender distribution in France shows 32,786,002 females compared to 32,364,972 males. This gives a male-to-female ratio of 0.98:1, which means that there are slightly more males than females living in France.

Regarding age groups, 45 percent (29 million) are between 15 and 64 years old, while 51 percent (33 million) are over 64 years old, existing as retirees or pensioners. Interestingly, only 4 percent (2 million) fall into the 0-14-year-old category due to historically low growth rates since 2008, with declines in birth rates experienced since 1996. Immigrants make up 10% overall but account for 20% at younger ages between 5-19, consisting mostly of North African countries such as Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia, given their geographical proximity to Europe. As reported by Eurostat figures from 2019, significant numbers also come from Turkey (6%), Poland (4%), Germany (4%), Romania(3%), Italy(2%), China(2%), United States(2%) making up 61% immigrants as a whole contributing significantly to demographics here in France.


France is a predominantly Catholic country, with an estimated 80 percent of the population practicing Catholic Christianity. Besides Catholicism, the largest religions practiced in France are Islam and Judaism. During the nineteenth century, Protestantism underwent a significant revival, and now two percent of French follow Protestant beliefs, while 4 to 6 percent of France’s population is Muslim. A small percentage of the nation’s population also practices Hinduism, Buddhism, and other non-Christian religions.

In recent years Islamic practice has gained ground in certain urban areas as more immigrants from North African countries arrive in France. Thus many mosques have been built throughout the nation to meet the demands of French Muslims who follow specific Islamic practices. There are also multiple Jewish communities living in Paris, Lyons, and Nice that has developed strong cultural identities. France is known for its secular government policies, so all religious practices are respected and allowed as long as they do not violate public law or push for religious dictatorship.


The government of France is a unitary semi-presidential republic. This means there is a president and a prime minister who share executive powers in the government. The President is the head of state, while the prime minister is the head of government. French citizens vote for their representatives, who will sit on the National Assembly, the lower house of the Parliament of France. The Senate is the upper house of Parliament. Together these two houses are responsible for legislative functions and the adoption of laws.

Political System

The Fifth Republic of France is a unitary semi-presidential republic. It originated in the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870 and retained many of its features after the fall of the Fourth Republic in 1958. Originally, executive power resided within the legislature but was taken from it by Charles de Gaulle to form a “strong” presidential system in 1958.

France is a representative democracy with founding principles based on Liberté, égalité, and fraternité (liberty, equality, fraternity), which seeks to guarantee individual rights and political freedoms. It has been organized as a unitary state with centralized and decentralized government powers granted to local entities alongside those exercised by the centralized state.

France has national and regional legislatures with elected representatives at both levels that debate and decides upon policy matters affecting their respective constituencies. The National Assembly is France’s lower legislative house, while Senate is an upper house; together, they form a bicameralism system akin to Britain’s Houses of Commons and Lords. The Head of State is President, re-elected every five years by an absolute majority (50%), and enjoys considerable powers documented under French Constitution as En Avant De Gaulle Proclamation N°2. Although most presidencies are completed without recourse to these power granted to President through referendums or plenary sessions held National Assembly or Senate.


The French economy is based on privatizing state-owned businesses and is highly dependent on foreign and domestic trade. France boasts an especially large agricultural industry and is one of the world’s leading exporters of wine and spirits, agricultural products, automobiles, leather goods, perfume, and fashion. The country also boasts one of the largest tourism industries in the world, with over 72 million visitors per year.

France has an advanced industrial economy and a strong manufacturing sector characterized by a high level of innovation, although this has decreased in recent years. Numerous important multinational companies such as Renault, Peugeot-Citroën, Total S.A., and Automobiles have headquarters here. The banking sector is well developed with sophisticated financial instruments offered by banks such as Societe Generale, Credit Agricole, and BNP Paribas.

France’s main trading partners include Germany, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Italy. The most significant imports are machinery and transport equipment from Germany; consumer goods from Italy; petroleum from Russia; industrial raw materials from China; food products from the Netherlands; energy from Belgium; chemical products from Spain; medical products from Switzerland; luxury goods from Japan; pharmaceuticals from Poland; textiles/clothing/hides/furs/leathers/shellfish/scallops artworks/antiques, etc. Furthermore, France imports motor vehicles other than railway locomotives & rolling stock (not including parts), iron & steel related items (mainly parts & accessories), scientific instruments (such as laboratory apparatus, etc.), apparel & clothing accessories (costume jewelry hats ties scarves blankets, etc.), rubber items (including tires), etc. Ultimately France’s strategic location at the heart of Europe, combined with its advanced infrastructure, has enabled it to become an economic powerhouse with exports across all five continents.


France is a popular tourist destination with its rich culture, beautiful landscapes, and incredible architecture. It is home to some of the oldest cities in the world, including Paris, Marseille, and Lyon. In addition, tourists flock to France for its stunning chateaux, beautiful beaches, and gastronomical delights. Here, we will focus on the tourism opportunities in France and why France is such a popular tourist destination.

Popular Destinations

France is home to some of the world’s most iconic and recognizable sights and is one of the most popular destinations for tourists. From its stunning architecture to its delicious food and wine, France offers something for everyone. France has something for you whether you’re looking for a romantic getaway or an educational experience. Here are a few of the most popular French destinations:

Paris – Paris is one of the world’s great cities and always ranks high on travelers’ must-see lists. With its famous monuments like the Eiffel Tower, Arc de Triomphe, Louvre Museum, Notre Dame Cathedral, and Champs Elysées, there’s always some new or interesting thing to explore. Not to mention fantastic restaurants, theaters, and shopping opportunities!

The French Riviera – Another popular spot with tourists is along what’s known as the French Riviera or Côte d’Azur between Marseille & Genoa in Italy. The glitzy towns that line this beautiful coastline are well-known throughout Europe and lure countless visitors each year with their fancy islands, majestic resorts & luxurious beaches. In addition, the chic French towns such as Saint-Tropez & Nice make this part of France an ideal place for sunbathing & sightseeing.

Provence – Provence is well known for its picturesque landscape filled with lavender fields stretching endlessly into rolling hills dotted by quaint villages. This has become an area rife with vineyards producing some of France’s best wines which can be enjoyed alongside traditional Provencal dishes like ratatouille or bouillabaisse! Popular sites in this region include Avignon Vatican Palace & Orange amphitheater and local markets where you can pick up handmade souvenirs or taste delicious French cheeses & olive oils produced right here in Provence!


Whether visiting historical monuments, soaking in art and culture, savoring delicious French cuisine, or simply enjoying the country’s natural wonders, France offers a variety of activities for visitors.

Exploring World War I and II sites is a must for history buffs. A day trip to Verdun is an amazing experience; there are more than 300 kilometers of trenches and memorial museums where visitors can learn about the war and those lost. However, even those not interested in military history will be fascinated by the extensive fortifications built between 1874-1878 near Belfort near the Swiss border.

France is also known for its artistic heritage and culture; art galleries, museums, and concert halls can be found all around the country. From contemporary photography to preserved prehistoric artifacts, you can find something to fit your interests. Avid theatergoers often visit Paris’s extensive cultural activities, while art lovers enjoy Paris’ museum scene with highlights such as Musée du Louvre or Musée d’Orsay.

Those looking to enjoy some R&R should head to one of France’s many beaches along its Mediterranean coast for a relaxing few days basking in the sunshine. In addition, hikers will love exploring one of our country’s eleven national parks, where you can take in breathtaking vistas from different peak spots depending on which park you visit! Whether visiting medieval castles or sipping Champagne on the elegant riverbanks of Bordeaux, there is something special waiting for everyone who visits beautiful France!